You will find the word Garuda when exploring Indonesia It is a bird that you can’t see in real life The truth is that Garuda Pancasila is the national emblem of Indonesia,but many incorrectly mention that Garuda Indonesia is the national emblem (wrong) Garuda Indonesia is just another name or popular name. People never see this bird because it is a mythical creature in the form of a golden eagle. Learn more about indonesia’s national emblem below.
The Reason Why Indonesia Uses Garuda?
Garuda is familiar in Indonesia. This mythical creature appears in ancient history, especially in Hind- and Buddhist temples. You will see this symbol when exploring Mendut Temple, Borobudur Temple, Kidal Temple, and others. It is known as the vehicle of Lod Vishnu. In a more general meaning, a Garuda symbolizes knowledge, power, bravery, loyalty, and discipline. In Bali, Garuda is also known as the lord of all flying creatures.
The History of Indonesia National Emblem
Lantas, siapa perancang Lambang Nasional Garuda Pancasila (Garuda Indonesia)?So, who is the designer of the Garuda Pancasila (Garuda Indonesia) National Emblem? Garuda was used for the first time on February 11, 1950. It started when the Indonesian National Revolution was ended and the Dutch acknowledged the Independence of Indonesia in 1949. As a result, the government had to create a national emblem as a newly independent country.
Read also: History of the Establishment of the United States of Republic Indonesia
Mohammad Hatta the wise president of Indonesia launched a design competition to get the best emblem to use. The result of the event picked Garuda designed by Sultan Hamid II. Then, Ir. Soekarno the first president of Indonesia introduced Garuda as the new national emblem to the public at Des Indes Hotel, Jakarta on February 15, 1950.
The Special Specification of Garuda
Sultan Hamid II as the creator of the Garuda Indonesia National emblem revised the design to follow the standard. As a result, each part of the Garuda has a meaning showing the identity of Indonesia. For example, the Garuda in the national emblem of Indonesia has 17 feathers on each wing, 8 feathers on the tail, 19 feathers below the shield or base of the tail, and 45 feathers on the neck.
The number of feathers on the Garuda shows the date of Indonesia Independence Day. You will also see a shield consisting of five different images on the body of the Garuda. This creature also gripping something.
The five images on the body are the symbol of the Pancasila principle, which are the escutcheon, star, chain, Banyan Tree, bull, and rice and cotton. The Garuda also gripping a word Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. It is the tagline of Indonesia that means unity in diversity.
The gold color on the Garuda symbolizes greatness and glory. Overall, the Garuda explains a powerful country with a lot of ethnicities, but they can unite to build a strong country. So, if you want to know the basic things of Indonesia, you should learn the specification of the Garuda Indonesia (Garuda Pancasila) National emblem.
The use of Garuda
Just like any other national emblem, Indonesia also uses Garuda to symbolize its government. They also use it as an official emblem of Indonesian ministries, departments, and institutions. You will see this symbol anywhere, including in Indonesian state palaces, monuments, government offices, Indonesian embassies, and many more. Garuda is also often found in schools, along with the picture of the latest president and vice president. This symbol is also formed in a badge for all governors, heads of a city, and head of a regency.
Each country has its national emblem. It shows the identity of the country and the hope of the citizens of the country. Indonesia is one of the countries with a unique national emblem. Those who love to learn history and governmental subjects in different countries should also learn Garuda Indonesia National Emblem (Garuda Pancasila National Emblem) At least, you know what kind of country Indonesia is through its national emblem.
Remember, Indonesia National Emblem is Garuda Pancasila not Garuda Indonesia. Garuda Indonesia is just another name or popular name.
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